The cost of a mortgage is increasing significantly following four successive rises in the Bank of England’s base rate, with average interest rates on two-year fixed mortgages hitting an almost seven-year high.
The Bank increased the base rate from 0.1 per cent in December to 1 per cent in May, in a bid to curb rising inflation.
Some City analysts are anticipating that the base rate could increase up to 1.5 per cent by the end of 2022.
That would be the highest level since the depths of the financial crisis in 2009 – with the increase adding almost £1,300 a year to the cost of a typical mortgage.
Mortgage rates are on the rise following increases in the Bank of England’s base rate
Though they are not directly linked to the base rate, interest rates on new fixed mortgages usually increase when the base rate goes up, because banks must pay more to borrow money.
Those on tracker rates linked to the base rate will see their rate rise instantly.
According to the latest data from financial information service Moneyfacts, the average two-year and five-year fixed rate both increased for the seventh consecutive month in April, reaching 3.03 per cent and 3.17 per cent respectively.
Since the base rate began rising in December 2021, the two-year rate has increased by 0.69 per cent and the five-year rate by 0.53 per cent.
It means that when people on fixed deals come to remortgage, they may end up paying more each month.
About what next for mortgage rates?
This is our long-running mortgage rates round-up that looks at the mortgage market and what to consider when looking for a loan.
It has been running for more than eight years and is regularly updated.
Older reader comments are left in place, so people can see what was being said in the past.
Someone who took out the cheapest five-year mortgage on the market in 2017 could have secured a rate of 1.69 per cent, according to mortgage broker, L&C Mortgages.
As of today, the cheapest five-year fixed rate deal costs 2.29 per cent.
It means that someone repaying a £200,000 mortgage over a 25 year term could expect to pay £876 a month instead of £818.
April marked the first time in seven years that the two-year average had gone over 3 per cent.
The two-year average was the highest Moneyfacts had recorded since March 2015, while the five-year equivalent was the highest since May 2016.
With only 0.14 per cent separating these two rates, the price gap between a two and a five-year fix is narrowing – with some lenders pricing them at the same rate or even making five-year deals cheaper.
This may be because more borrowers are opting for longer fixes to shield their monthly mortgage payments against inflation, meaning lenders are pricing five-year deals more competitively.
This follows months of record lows in summer 2021, when fixed-rate mortgages for those with lots of equity or big deposits went sub-1 per cent in some cases.
Average rates increased in April 2022 across the majority of deposit sizes.
However, there are still rates out there which are lower than these average figures, especially for those with more equity or larger deposits. Therefore, borrowers are advised to shop around for the best deal.
For those with a 40 per cent deposit, the lowest fixed rate available is currently 2.20 per cent on a two-year deal. Yorkshire Building Society is offering this rate with a fairly hefty £1,495 fee.
Tracker mortgages are available with interest as low as the base rate plus 0.65%, but these are not protected from rate rises which seem likely
Borrowers should also think twice before picking the lowest-interest deal, as the fees can sometimes make the mortgage more expensive than a higher-rate product over the life of the fix.
There are tracker mortgages available with rates as low as base plus 0.65 per cent, but with the base rate possibly set to increase further in 2022, borrowers run the risk that the cost of their monthly payments could rise substantially.
This is because the interest rates on trackers are set at a certain level above the base rate, and if that rises, so will they.
Those on standard variable rates may find their rate increases, though this is at the discretion of the lender.
As the average overall two-year fixed rate remains below the average SVR, borrowers are advised to move on to a fixed deal if possible and suitable for their circumstances.
While fixed mortgage rates are heavily influenced by the base rate, that link is not automatic, and borrowers on fixed terms are protected from rises until their deal comes to an end.
What does the base rate rise mean for my mortgage?
The Bank of England’s base rate had been at a historically low 0.1 per cent since the early days of the pandemic.
But the Bank has now increased that to 1 per cent, in order to curb rising inflation. There is also speculation that there could be further rises to come in 2022.
When the base rate rises, those on their lender’s standard variable rate, discount deals linked to that, or a base rate tracker mortgage are the only borrowers that will see their payments increase immediately.
Borrowers on fixed terms are protected until that term comes to an end.
But while fixed mortgage rates are not officially tied to the base rate, a rise will increase the costs that banks pay when they borrow money.
This has seen banks move to increase the interest rates on new products, so those seeking a new fixed term today will probably need to pay more than they would have done before the base rate rises.
Borrowers who anticipate further rises could consider remortgaging now – and perhaps even taking a five-year, rather than two-year, fix – in order to lock in today’s rates and shield themselves against future increases.
However, if they are tied in to an existing fixed-term deal they would face penalties for leaving the deal early, which can be up to 5 per cent of the whole mortgage amount.
Those on their lender’s standard variable rate stand to save a significant amount in interest if they remortgage to a fixed deal, although this usually means their mortgage will be less flexible and there will be more restrictions on overpaying, for example.
> Quick link: Use our calculator to find mortgage rates for you
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What are the best mortgage deals?
Although rates are on the rise, it could still pay to switch, especially if you are on your lenders’ standard variable rate.
These borrowers could save hundreds of pounds a month by taking a fixed deal.
And for those coming to the end of a fixed term, switching to another fixed term with a different lender could be cheaper than sticking with their existing one.
Mark Gordon, director of money at Compare the Market, said: ‘Languishing on a lender’s standard variable rate mortgage is likely to cost you thousands of pounds more than you need to pay.’
The attraction of a two-year fix may be lower rates now and extra flexibility, but that comes at the expense of needing to remortgage in two years to avoid slipping onto a more expensive standard variable rate.
A five-year fix gives the opportunity to lock into a low rate for a longer period and avoid extra fees and higher rates in a relatively short time.
Unless you have a good reason to take a two-year fixed rate, such as needing to move or expecting to have to sell your home, brokers have suggested that five-year fixed rates might be a cheaper long-term bet.
Whatever the right type of mortgage for your circumstances, shopping around and speaking to a good mortgage broker is a wise move.
Borrowers should have a quick look at the rates below. These are regularly updated by This is Money’s mortgage team. If you spot a deal you think has been pulled or should be in there, email us via [email protected] with mortgage rates in the subject field.
For a full rate check use This is Money’s mortgage finder service and best buy tables, these are supplied by our independent broker partner London & Country.
Best fixed-rate mortgage deals
Bigger deposit mortgages
Five-year fixed rate mortgages
First Direct has a five-year fixed-rate mortgage at 2.29 per cent with a £490 fee at 60 per cent loan-to-value
Leeds Building Society has a five-year fixed-rate mortgage at 2.44 per cent with no fee at 60 per cent loan-to-value
Two-year fixed rate mortgages
Yorkshire Building Society has a two-year fixed-rate mortgage at 2.20 per cent with a £1,495 fee at 60 per cent loan-to-value
Barclays has a two-year fixed-rate mortgage at 2.42 per cent with no fee at 60 per cent loan to value
Mid-range deposit mortgages
Five-year fixed rate mortgages
First Direct has a five-year fixed-rate mortgage at 2.34 per cent with a £490 fee at 75 per cent loan-to-value
Leeds Building Society has a five-year fixed-rate mortgage at 2.44 per cent with no fee at 75 per cent loan-to-value
Two-year fixed rate mortgages
Barclays has a two-year fixed rate mortgage at 2.42 per cent with no fee at 75 per cent loan-to-value
Yorkshire Building Society has a two-year fixed-rate mortgage at 2.20 per cent with a £1,495 fee at 75 per cent loan-to-value
Five-year fixed rate mortgages
HSBC has a five-year fixed-rate mortgage at 2.64 per cent with a £999 fee at 90 per cent loan-to-value
First Direct has a five-year fixed-rate mortgage at 2.64 per cent with a £490 fee at 90 per cent loan-to-value
Two-year fixed rate mortgages
First Direct has a two-year fixed rate mortgage at 2.69 per cent with no fee at 90 per cent loan-to-value
Yorkshire Building Society has a two-year fixed-rate mortgage at 2.45 per cent with a £999 fee at 90 per cent loan-to-value
>> Check our our mortgage tracker to compare all of the available deals
A note on rates
Rates can change on mortgages at short notice and sadly lenders do not always inform us when they alter them (especially if they raise rates rather than lower them).
This can lead to occasions when the rates listed here are not available. If you ever spot this situation – or a good rate we have not listed – please email [email protected] with mortgage rates in the subject line and we will update the round-up asap.
Best tracker and discount rate mortgages
Tracking the base rate may seem an odd decision when rates are likely to only go up. However, there is one big advantage to a good lifetime tracker: flexibility.
The same usually goes for discount rate mortgages, which track a certain level below the lenders’ standard variable rate.
A fixed-rate mortgage will almost inevitably carry early repayment charges, meaning you will be limited as to how much you can overpay, or face potentially thousands of pounds in fees if you opt to leave before the initial deal period is up.
You should be able to take a good fixed mortgage with you if you move, as most are portable, but there is no guarantee your new property will be eligible or you may even have a gap between ownership.
A good lifetime tracker has no early repayment charges, you can up sticks whenever you want and that suits some people.
Make sure you stress test yourself against a sharper rise in base rate than is forecast.
First Direct has a lifetime discounted variable rate at base plus 2.09 per cent for the term, currently at 3.09 per cent with no fee at 60 per cent loan-to-value
First Direct has a lifetime tracker at base plus 1.94 per cent for the term, currently at 2.94 per cent, with a £490 fee at 75 per cent loan-to-value
Skipton Building Society has a two-year tracker at base plus 0.65 per cent, currently at 1.65 per cent, with a £995 fee at 75 per cent loan-to-value
Barclays has a five-year tracker at base plus 1.25 per cent, currently at 2.25 per cent, with a £1,749 fee at 75 per cent loan-to-value
Watch out for discount rates, as these track a rate set by the lender rather than following the path of the Bank of England base rate.
Most lenders move their internal variable rate in line with the base rate, but they don’t have to, meaning you could see your rate rise even if the base rate stays put.
Can you get a mortgage?
Getting a mortgage is tougher than it once was. You will need to get your finances in order and be prepared for the lengthier application process and in-depth affordability interviews getting a mortgage requires nowadays.
Lenders also apply different standards to what they will lend.
Weigh up the above, check the rates here and in our best buy mortgage tables, have a scout around what the best deals look like – and speak to a good independent broker.
There are a couple of things to look out for if you do decide to fix.
You need to check the bumper arrangement fees are worth paying – if you don’t have a big mortgage you may be better off with a slightly higher rate and lower fee.
It’s also wise to think carefully about whether you expect to move home soon. A good five-year fix should be portable, so you can take it with you.
But your new property will need to be assessed and you might need to borrow extra money, and so your lender could still say no. Getting out of a fixed rate typically requires a hefty hit to the pocket from early repayment charges.
Compare true mortgage costs
Work out mortgage costs and check what the real best deal taking into account rates and fees. You can either use one part to work out a single mortgage costs, or both to compare loans
Choosing a mortgage – the essential quick guide
1. How big a deposit do I need?
To get the full choice of deals raising a decent deposit is still vital. The benchmark figure is 25 per cent, if you have this then you’ll be getting close to the best rates, although for an absolute cheapest deal you’re still likely to need 40 per cent.
However, a selection of better deals for smaller deposits is available.
2. Should I take a fixed rate?
Most borrowers consider the security of a fixed rate as worthwhile, whereas variable rate deals can be cheaper but leave you exposed to potential rate rises.
If you decide to take a fix you need to carefully consider how long for.
Two-year deals are cheap but only offer very short-term security and incur extra costs when you remortgage.
Five-year deals lock you in for longer and come with slightly higher rates but better security and no need to remortgage in a relatively short space of time.
3. Should I take a tracker rate?
Tracker rates are essentially a gamble. What looks like a bargain rate now, could soon get very expensive when interest rates rise.
Anyone considering a tracker needs to make sure they are not just storing up a problem for the future. If the tracker comes with an early redemption penalty that would make it expensive to jump ship, then make sure your finances could take a rise of at least 2 per cent to 3 per cent in interest rates.
For that reason we at This is Money like tracker deals that fit into one of these three categories: no early redemption penalties, a cap to how high the rate will go, or that let you jump ship for a fixed rate if rates rise.
4. Should I get off a standard variable rate?
Standard variable rates are what borrowers slip onto by default when they finish a fixed or tracker deal period.
They can typically be changed by lenders at any time – without the Bank of England moving rates. They may also rise or fall by more than any move in base rate.
A number of mortgage borrowers have fallen victim to lenders hiking their standard variable rates, despite the base rate remaining stable.
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